Welcome to Smart Agriculture 中文

Smart Agriculture ›› 2020, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (2): 94-104.

• Topic--Agricultural Sensor and Internet of Things •

### Stereoscopic Light Environment Intelligent Control System Based on Characteristic Differences of Facility Cucumber Plants Light Requirements

ZHANG Zhongxiong1,2,3, LI Bin1,2,3, FENG Pan 1,2,3, ZHANG Pan1,2,3, LAI Haibin1,2,3, HU Jin1,2,3, ZHANG Haihui1,2,3()

1. 1.College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
2.Key Laboratory of Agricultural Internet of Things, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Yangling 712100, China
3.Key Laboratory of Agricultural Information Awareness and Intelligent Services of Shaanxi province, Yangling 712100, China
• Received:2020-05-22 Revised:2020-06-17 Online:2020-06-30 Published:2020-08-10
• corresponding author: Haihui ZHANG E-mail:zhanghh@nwsuaf.edu.cn

Abstract:

Light is the main energy source for plants to carry out photosynthesis, and the quality of light directly affects the yield and quality of crops. In view of the fact that most of the existing plant light supplement systems are based on the photosynthetic capacity of functional leaves, problems such as photoinhibition of new leaves in the canopy and lack of supplementary light in the functional leaf position between plants, and the position of light supplement can’t be adjusted dynamically to adapt to crop growth exist, taking facility cucumber as the research object, an stereo light environment intelligent control system based on the characteristic differences of plant light requirements was designed in this research. The system is composed of intelligent control subsystem, canopy-plant environment monitoring subsystem, canopy-plant LED light-compensating lamp subsystem, and light-compensating lamp lifting subsystem. Wireless communication between subsystems was realized by using ZigBee technology. The canopy-interplant environmental monitoring subsystem obtains the canopy and interplant environmental information respectively and sends them to the intelligent control subsystem. According to the real-time environmental information, the intelligent control subsystem invokes the canopy regulation model and the appropriate interplant leaf position regulation model to obtain the corresponding regulation target values, and sends them to the canopy-interplant light-compensating lamp to realize the dynamic real-time regulation of the canopy and interplant light-compensating lamp. In November 2018, the stereoscopic light-compensating equipment and the traditional canopy light-compensating equipment were tested and verified with the natural control in the vegetable base of the vegetable industry comprehensive service area of Jingyang County, Shaanxi province. The results showed that, compared with the traditional canopy light-compensating area, the cucumber plant height and stem diameter in the stereoscopic light-compensating area increased significantly, and the average plant height and stem diameter increased by 8.03% and 7.24%, respectively. Compared with the natural treatment area, the average plant height and stem diameter increased by 26.51% and 36.03%, respectively. And during the one-month picking period, compared with the traditional canopy light-compensating area, the yield of the stereoscopic light-compensating area increased by 0.28 kg/m2, the economic benefit increased by 2.82 CNY/m2, the yield of the stereoscopic light-compensating area increased by 1.39 kg/m2, and the economic benefit increased by 4.88 CNY/m2; compared with the natural treatment area indicating that the stereoscopic light environment control system can improve economic benefits and has good application and promotion values.

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