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Smart Agriculture ›› 2021, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (3): 94-115.doi: 10.12133/j.smartag.2021.3.3.202102-SA002

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Research Advances and Prospects of Crop 3D Reconstruction Technology

ZHU Rongsheng1(), LI Shuai2, SUN Yongzhe2, CAO Yangyang2, SUN Kai2, GUO Yixin2, JIANG Bofeng2, WANG Xueying2, LI Yang1, ZHANG Zhanguo1, XIN Dawei3, HU Zhenbang3, CHEN Qingshan3()   

  1. 1.College of Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China
    2.College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China
    3.College of Agronomy, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China
  • Received:2021-02-01 Revised:2021-09-20 Online:2021-06-30 Published:2021-12-06
  • corresponding author: CHEN Qingshan E-mail:rshzhu@126.com;qshchen@126.com

Abstract:

Crop 3-dimensional (3D) reconstruction is one of the most fundamental techniques in crop phenomics, and is an important tool to accurately describe the holographic structure of crop morphology. 3D reconstruction models of crops are important for high-throughput crop phenotype acquisition, crop plant characteristics evaluation, and plant structure and phenotype correlation analysis. In order to promote and popularize the 3D reconstruction technology in crop phenotype research, the basic methods and application characteristics, the current advances of research and the prospects of 3D reconstruction in crops were review in this paper. Firstly, the existing methods of crop 3D reconstruction were summarized, the basic principles of each method were reviewed, the characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of each method were analyzed, the applicability of each method on the basis of the general process of crop 3D reconstruction methods were introduced, and the specific process and considerations for the implementation of each method were summarized. Secondly, the application of crop 3D reconstruction were divided into three parts: single crop reconstruction, field group reconstruction and root system, according to different target objects, and the applications of crop 3D reconstruction technology from these three perspectives were reviewed, the research advances of each method for different crop 3D reconstruction based on accuracy, speed and cost were explored, and the problems and challenges of crop 3D reconstruction in the context of different reconstruction objects were organized. Finally, the prospects of crop 3D reconstruction technology were analyzed.

Key words: crops, 3D reconstruction, phenotypic omics, crop root, three-dimensional scanner

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