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Smart Agriculture ›› 2022, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (3): 53-62.doi: 10.12133/j.smartag.SA202207007

• Special Issue--Key Technologies and Equipment for Smart Orchard • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Comparison of Droplet Deposition Performance Between Caterpillar Mist Sprayer and Six-Rotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle in Mango Canopy

LI Yangfan1,2(), HE Xiongkui1,2(), HAN Leng1,2, HUANG Zhan1,2, HE Miao1,2   

  1. 1.College of Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    2.College of Agricultural Unmanned System, China Agricultural University, Beijing 101206, China
  • Received:2022-07-16 Online:2022-09-30
  • Supported by:
    Modern Agricultural Industry Technology System - National Pear Industry Technology System (CARS-28); National Natural Science Foundation of China(31761133019); China Agricultural University 2115 Talent Cultivation and Development Support Program; Sanya China Agricultural University Research Institute Guided Fund Project (SYND-2021-06)

Abstract:

In order to solve the problems of pesticides abuse, nonuniformity deposition and low operating efficiency, build up the smart mango orchard, sedimentary properties of liquids in mango canopy of two orchard pesticide machinery, i.e., orchard caterpillar mist sprayer and six-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) of were compared. Mango canopy was divided into upper, middle and lower canopy, tartrazine wsa selected as the tracer, high-definition printing paper and filter paper were used to collect pesticide droplets, the image processing methods such as deposition distribution uniformity were used to analyze the droplets. The experimental results showed that, for the surface droplets coverage rate of upper canopy leaf, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) was significantly higher than the cartipillar mist sprayer, there was no significant difference for the middle and lower canopy leaf. The the average coverage rate of both the front and back of leaves in UAV treatment group were 1.5~2 times for cartipillar mist sprayer, and got more deposition in back of leaves compare with caterpillar mist sprayer. The density of droplets on the front of the leaves of the mist sprayer treatment was significantly higher than that of the UAV treatment, but there was no significant difference on the back of the leaves. Both the front and back of the leaves of the plant protection UAV did not meet the requirements of disease and pest control with a low spray amount of 20/cm2. The liquid deposition of mist sprayer concentrated in the middle and lower canopy (61.1%), and while for the UAVs, it concentrated in the upper canopy (43.0%). The proportion of the deposition in the canopy was higher than that of the UAVs (48.6%), but the deposition capacity of mist sprayer in the upper canopy was insufficient, accounting for only 17%. The research shows that, compared with UAV, caterpillar mist sprayer is more suitable for the pest control of lower and middlein canopy, at the same time, the high density of droplets cover also has obvious advantages when spraying fungicide. UAV is more suitable for the external tidbits pest control of upper mango canopy, such as thrips, anthrax. According to the experimental results, a stereoscopic plant protection system can be built up in which can use the advantages of both caterpillar mist sprayer and UAV to achieve uniform coverage of pesticide in the mango tree canopy.

Key words: smart mango orchard, misting machine, plant protection unmanned aerial vehicle, droplet deposition distribution uniformity, pest control

CLC Number: