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Smart Agriculture ›› 2021, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (1): 129-143.doi: 10.12133/j.smartag.2021.3.1.202102-SA034

• Intelligent Equipment and Systems • Previous Articles    

Design and Prospect for Anti-theft and Anti-destruction of Nodes in Solar Insecticidal Lamps Internet of Things

HUANG Kai1,2(), SHU Lei2,3(), LI Kailiang2, YANG Xing2, ZHU Yan1, WANG Xiaochan4, SU Qin2   

  1. 1.National Engineering and Technology Center for Information Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, China
    2.College of Artificial Intelligence, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210031, China
    3.School of Engineering, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, LN67TS, U. K.
    4.College of Engineering, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210031, China
  • Received:2021-02-16 Revised:2021-03-11 Online:2021-03-30
  • corresponding author: SHU Lei, E-mail:
  • About author:HUANG Kai, E-mail:kai_huang@njau.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(62072248)


Solar insecticidal lamps (SILs) are widely used in agriculture for the purpose of effectively controlling pests and reducing pesticide dosage. With the increasing deployment of SILs, there are more and more reports about theft and destruction of SILs, seriously affecting the pest control effect and leading to great economic losses. Unfortunately, many efforts remain unsuccessful, since people can destruct the components of SIL in part but not steal the whole SIL, which cannot be detected by GPRS module or can only be labeled as a fault of component. To realize the broader effect of anti-theft and anti-destruction in the scenario of Solar Insecticidal Lamps Internet of Things (SIL-IoTs), there were two types of designs which would enable substantial improvements. On one hand, SIL was reformed and designed to obtain more information from different kinds of sensors and increase the difficulty of theft and destruction of SILs. Four modules were equipped including gated switch, voltage and current module, emergency power module, acceleration sensor module. Gated switch was used to judge whether the gate of power was open or closed. Voltage and current module of battery, solar panel, lamp, and metal mesh were used to judge whether the components were stolen or destructed. Emergency power module was used for communication module after the battery being stolen. Acceleration sensor module was used to judge whether the SIL was shaking by stealer. On the other hand, the auxiliary equipment of SIL, i.e., unmanned aerial vehicle insecticidal lamp (UAV-IL), was put forward for emergency applications after theft and destruction of SIL, e.g., deployment, tracking, patrol inspection, and so on. Through the above-mentioned hardware design and application of UAV-IL, more information from different kinds of sensors could be obtained to make judgements about the situation of theft and destruction. However, considering the short occurrence time of theft and destruction, the design was not enough to realize fast and accurate judgments. Therefore, six key research issues in the design of internal hardware, software algorithm and appearance structure design level were discussed, including 1) optimal design of anti-theft and anti-destruction of SILs; 2) establishment of anti-theft and anti-destruction judgment rules of SILs; 3) fast and accurate judgments of theft and destruction of SILs; 4) emergency measures after theft and destruction of SILs; and 5) prediction and prevention of theft and destruction of SILs; 6) optimal calculation to reduce the load of network data transmission. The anti-theft and anti-destruction have crucial roles in equipment safety, which can be extended to various agricultural applications.

Key words: solar insecticidal lamp, anti-theft and anti-destruction, unmanned aerial vehicle insecticidal lamp, agricultural Internet of Things, node

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