Welcome to Smart Agriculture 中文

Smart Agriculture ›› 2021, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (1): 16-28.doi: 10.12133/j.smartag.2021.3.1.202103-SA004

• Topic--Frontier Technology and Application of Agricultural Phenotype • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study on the Micro-Phenotype of Different Types of Maize Kernels Based on Micro-CT

ZHAO Huan1,2,3(), WANG Jinglu1,2, LIAO Shengjin1,2, ZHANG Ying1,2, LU Xianju1,2, GUO Xinyu1,2, ZHAO Chunjiang1,2()   

  1. 1.Beijing Research Center for Information Technology, Beijing 100097, China
    2.National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture/Beijing Key Lab of Digital Plant, Beijing 100097, China
    3.College of Plant Science & Technology of Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2021-03-11 Revised:2021-03-26 Online:2021-03-30 Published:2021-06-01
  • corresponding author: Chunjiang ZHAO E-mail:3321621249@qq.com;zhaocj@nercita.org.cn


Plant micro-phenotype mainly refers to the phenotypic information at the tissue, cell, and subcellular levels, which is an important part of plant phenomics research. In view of the problems of low efficiency, large error, and few traits of traditional methods for detecting kernel microscopic traits, Micro-CT scanning technology was used to carry out precise identification of micro-phenotype on 11 varieties of maize kernels. A total of 34 microscopic traits were obtained based on CT sequence images of 7 tissues, including seed, embryo, endosperm, cavity, subcutaneous cavity, endosperm cavity and embryo cavity. Among the 34 microscopic traits, 4 traits, including endosperm cavity surface area, kernel volume, endosperm volume ratio and endosperm cavity specific surface area, were significantly different among maize types (P-value<0.05). The surface area of endosperm cavity and kernel volume of common maize were significantly higher than those of other types of maize. The specific surface area of endosperm cavity of high oil maize was the largest. The endosperm cavity of sweet corn had the smallest specific surface area. The endosperm volume ration of popcorn was the largest. Furthermore, 34 traits were used for One-way ANOVA and cluster analysis, and 11 different maize varieties were divided into four categories, of which the first category was mainly common maize, the second category was mainly popcorn, the third category was sweet corn, and the fourth category was high oil maize. The results indicated that Micro-CT scanning technology could not only achieve precise identification of micro-phenotype of maize kernels, but also provide supports for kernel classification and variety detection, and so on.

Key words: plant phenomics, micro-phenotype, Micro-CT, maize kernel, phenotype identification

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