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Smart Agriculture ›› 2020, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (2): 126-134.doi: 10.12133/j.smartag.2020.2.2.202002-SA001

• Information Perception and Acquisition • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Multi-Band Image Fusion Method for Visually Identifying Tomato Plant’s Organs With Similar Color

FENG Qingchun1,2, CHEN Jian2, CHENG Wei3,4, WANG Xiu1,3()   

  1. 1.Beijing Research Center of Intelligent Equipment for Agriculture, Beijing 100097, China
    2.College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
    3.National Research Center of Intelligent Equipment for Agriculture, Beijing 100097, China
    4.Beijing Key Laboratory of Intelligent Equipment Technology for Agriculture, Beijing 100097, China
  • Received:2020-02-06 Revised:2020-04-18 Online:2020-06-30
  • corresponding author: WANG Xiu, E-mail:
  • About author:FENG Qingchun, E-mail:fengqc@nercita.org.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(61703048); Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences Youth Science Research Fund Project (QNJJ201722)

Abstract:

Considering at the robotic management for tomato plants in the greenhouse, it is necessary to identify the stem, leaf and fruit with the similar color from the broad-band visible image. In order to highlight the difference between the target and background, and improve the identification efficiency, the multiple narrow-band image fusion method for identifying the tomato’s three similar-colored organs, including stem, leaf, and green fruit, was proposed, based on the spectral features of these organs. According to the 300-1000 nm spectral data of three organs, the regularized logistic regression model with Lasso for distinguishing their spectral characteristic was built. Based on the sparse solution of the model’s weight coefficients, the wavelengths 450, 600 and 900 nm with the maximum coefficients were determined as the optimal imaging band. The multi-spectral image capturing system was designed, which could output three images of optimal bands from the same view-field. The relationship between the organs’ image gray and their spectral feature was analyzed, and the optimal images could accurately show the organs’ reflection character at the various band. In order to obtain more significant distinctions, the weighted-fusion method based NSGA-II was proposed, which was supposed to combine the organ’s difference in the optimal band image. The algorithm’s objective function was defined to maximize the target-background difference and minimize the background-background difference. The coefficients obtained were adopted as the linear fusion factors for the optimal band images.Finally, the fusion method was evaluated based on intuitional and quantitative indexes, respectively considering the one among stem, leaf and green fruit as target, and the other two as the backgrounds. As the result showed, compared with the single optimal band image, the fused image greatly intensified the difference between the similar-colored target and background, and restrained the difference among the background. Specifically, the sum of absolute difference (SAD) was used to describe the grey value difference between the various organs, and the fusion result images’ SAD between the target and the background raised to 2.02, 8.63 and 7.89 times than the single band images. The Otsu automatic segmentation algorithm could respectively obtain the recognition accuracy of 71.14%, 60.32% and 98.32% for identifying the stem, leaf and fruit on the fusion result image. The research was supposed as a reference for the identification on similar-colored plant organs under agricultural condition.

Key words: agricultural robot, tomato plant, similar-colored organ, spectral feature, image fusion, NSGA-II

CLC Number: