Welcome to Smart Agriculture

Smart Agriculture ›› 2022, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (4): 1-25.doi: 10.12133/j.smartag.SA202212005

• Topic--Smart Farming of Field Crops •     Next Articles

State-of-the-art and Prospect of Research on Key Technical for Unmanned Farms of Field Corp

YIN Yanxin1,3(), MENG Zhijun1,3, ZHAO Chunjiang2(), WANG Hao1,3, WEN Changkai1,3, CHEN Jingping1,3, LI Liwei1,4, DU Jingwei1,4, WANG Pei1,3, AN Xiaofei1,2, SHANG Yehua1,4, ZHANG Anqi1,3, YAN Bingxin1,3, WU Guangwei1,3   

  1. 1.Research Center of Intelligent Equipment, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100097, China
    2.National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing 100097, China
    3.State Key Laboratory of Intelligent Agricultural Power Equipment, Beijing 100097, China
    4.AgChip Science and Technology (Beijing) Co. , Ltd. , Beijing 100097, China
  • Received:2022-12-20 Online:2022-12-30


As one of the important way for constructing smart agriculture, unmanned farms are the most attractive in nowadays, and have been explored in many countries. Generally, data, knowledge and intelligent equipment are the core elements of unmanned farms. It deeply integrates modern information technologies such as the Internet of Things, big data, cloud computing, edge computing, and artificial intelligence with agriculture to realize agricultural production information perception, quantitative decision-making, intelligent control, precise input and personalized services. In the paper, the overall technical architecture of unmanned farms is introduced, and five kinds of key technologies of unmanned farms are proposed, which include information perception and intelligent decision-making technology, precision control technology and key equipment for agriculture, automatic driving technology in agriculture, unmanned operation agricultural equipment, management and remote controlling system for unmanned farms. Furthermore, the latest research progress of the above technologies both worldwide are analyzed. Based on which, critical scientific and technological issues to be solved for developing unmanned farms in China are proposed, include unstructured environment perception of farmland, automatic drive for agriculture machinery in complex and changeable farmland environment, autonomous task assignment and path planning of unmanned agricultural machinery, autonomous cooperative operation control of unmanned agricultural machinery group. Those technologies are challenging and absolutely, and would be the most competitive commanding height in the future. The maize unmanned farm constructed in the city of Gongzhuling, Jilin province, China, was also introduced in detail. The unmanned farms is mainly composed of information perception system, unmanned agricultural equipment, management and controlling system. The perception system obtains and provides the farmland information, maize growth, pest and disease information of the farm. The unmanned agricultural machineries could complete the whole process of the maize mechanization under unattended conditions. The management and controlling system includes the basic GIS, remote controlling subsystem, precision operation management subsystem and working display system for unmanned agricultural machineries. The application of the maize unmanned farm has improved maize production efficiency (the harvesting efficiency has been increased by 3-4 times) and reduced labors. Finally, the paper summarizes the important role of the unmanned farm technology were summarized in solving the problems such as reduction of labors, analyzes the opportunities and challenges of developing unmanned farms in China, and put forward the strategic goals and ideas of developing unmanned farm in China.

Key words: unmanned farm, automatic driving, intelligent perception, intelligent decision-making, intelligent equipment, management and control platform

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