Welcome to Smart Agriculture

Smart Agriculture ›› 2022, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (3): 1-11.doi: 10.12133/j.smartag.SA200201014

• Special Issue--Key Technologies and Equipment for Smart Orchard •     Next Articles

Key Technologies and Equipment for Smart Orchard Construction and Prospects

HAN Leng1,2(), HE Xiongkui1,2,3(), WANG Changling1,2,3, LIU Yajia1,2,3, SONG Jianli1, QI Peng1, LIU Limin1, LI Tian1, ZHENG Yi4, LIN Guihai4, ZHOU Zhan4, HUANG Kang5, WANG Zhong6, ZHA Hainie7, ZHANG Guoshan8, ZHOU Guotao9, MA Yong10, FU Hao11, NIE Hongyuan12, ZENG Aijun1,2,3, ZHANG Wei13   

  1. 1.College of Agricultural Unmanned System, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    2.College of Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    3.Center of Chemicals Application Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    4.Yantai Research Institute, China Agricultural University, Yantai 264670, China
    5.Huawei Technologies Ltd, Beijing 100010, China
    6.Beijing Pinggu District Government Village Committee of Xiying Village, Beijing 101200, China
    7.Anhui Yigang Information Technology Ltd, Anqing 246100, China
    8.Zhejiang Liangshan Technology Ltd, Huzhou 313302, China
    9.Henan Yunfei Technology Ltd, Zhengzhou 450003, China
    10.China Topsoaring Technology Ltd, BeiJing 100085, China
    11.Beijing Sanyi Zhinong Data Technology Ltd, Beijing 102199, China
    12.DJ-Innovations Ltd, Shenzhen 518057, China
    13.Anhui Zhongke Intelligent Sense Technology Ltd, Wuhu 241000, China
  • Received:2021-12-29 Online:2022-09-30
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Traditional orchard production is facing problems of labor shortage due to the aging, difficulties in the management of agricultural equipment and production materials, and low production efficiency which can be expected to be solved by building a smart orchard that integrates technologies of Internet of Things(IoT), big data, equipment intelligence, et al. In this study, based on the objectives of full mechanization and intelligent management, a smart orchard was built in Pinggu district, an important peaches and pears fruit producing area of Beijing. The orchard covers an aera of more than 30 hm2 in Xiying village, Yukou town. In the orchard, more than 10 kinds of information acquisition sensors for pests, diseases, water, fertilizers and medicines are applied, 28 kinds of agricultural machineries with intelligent technical support are equipped. The key technologies used include: intelligent information acquisition system, integrated water and fertilizer management system and intelligent pest management system. The intelligent operation equipment system includes: unmanned lawn mower, intelligent anti-freeze machine, trenching and fertilizer machine, automatic driving crawler, intelligent profiling variable sprayer, six-rotor branch-to-target drone, multi-functional picking platform and finishing and pruning machine, etc. At the same time, an intelligent management platform has been built in the smart orchard. The comparison results showed that, smart orchard production can reduce labor costs by more than 50%, save pesticide dosage by 30% ~ 40%, fertilizer dosage by 25% ~ 35%, irrigation water consumption by 60% ~ 70%, and comprehensive economic benefits increased by 32.5%. The popularization and application of smart orchards will further promote China's fruit production level and facilitate the development of smart agriculture in China.

Key words: smart orchard, Internet of Things, intelligent agricultural equipment system, driverless machine, smart orchard management platform, information acquisition system, intelligent profiling sprayer

CLC Number: