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Smart Agriculture ›› 2022, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (3): 86-94.doi: 10.12133/j.smartag.SA202205005

• Special Issue--Key Technologies and Equipment for Smart Orchard • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Automatic Spraying Technology and Facilities for Pipeline Spraying in Mountainous Orchards

SONG Shuran1,2,3(), HU Shengyang1, SUN Daozong1,2,3, DAI Qiufang1,2,3, XUE Xiuyun1,2,3, XIE Jiaxing1,2, LI Zhen1,2,3   

  1. 1.College of Electronic Engineering (College of Artificial Intelligence), South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
    2.Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Monitoring Agricultural Information, Guangzhou 510642, China
    3.Division of Citrus Machinery, China Agriculture Research System, Guangzhou 510642, China
  • Received:2022-05-17 Online:2022-09-30


The orchard in the mountainous area is rugged and steep, and there is no road for large-scale plant protection machinery traveling in the orchard, so it is difficult for mobile spraying machinery to enter. In order to solve the above problems, the automatic pipeline spraying technology and facilities were studied. A pipeline automatic spraying facility suitable for mountainous orchards was designed, which included spraying head, field spraying pipeline, automatic spraying controller and spraying groups. The spraying head was composed of a spraying unit and a constant pressure control system, which pressurized the pesticide liquid and stabilized the liquid pressure according to the preset pressure value to ensure a better atomization effect. Field spraying pipeline consisted of main pipeline, valves and spraying groups. In order to perform automatic spraying, a solenoid valve was installed between the main pipeline and each spraying group, and the automatic spraying operation of each spraying group was controlled automatically by the opening or closing of the solenoid valve. An automatic spraying controller composed of main controller, solenoid valve driving circuit, solenoid valve controlling node and power supplying unit was developed, and the controlling software was also programmed in this research. The main controller had manual and automatic two working modes. The solenoid valve controlling node was used to send wireless signals to the main controller and receive wireless signals from the main controller, and open or close the corresponding solenoid valve according to the received control signal. During the spraying operation, the pesticide liquid flowed into the orchard from the spray head through the pipeline. The automatic spray controller was used to control the solenoid valve to open or close the spray group one by one, and implement manual control or automatic control of spraying. In order to determine the continuous opening time of the solenoid valve, an effectiveness of the spray test was carried out. The spraying test results showed that spraying effectiveness could be guaranteed by opening solenoid valve for 8 s continuously. The efficiency of this pipeline automatic spraying facility was 2.61 hm2/h, which was 45-150 times that of manual spraying, and 2.1 times that of unmanned aerial vehicle spraying. The automatic pipeline spraying technology in mountainous orchards had obvious advantages in the timeliness of pest controlling. This research can provide references and ideas for the development of spray technology and intelligent spraying facilities in mountainous orchards.

Key words: mountainous orchard, spraying pipeline, automatic spray, solenoid valve, intelligent application facilities, liquid medicine pressure loss

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