Welcome to Smart Agriculture

Smart Agriculture ›› 2020, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (1): 147-162.doi: 10.12133/j.smartag.2020.2.1.202002-SA006

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Developmental analysis and application examples for agricultural models

Cao Hongxin1(), Ge Daokuo1, Zhang Wenyu1, Zhang Weixin1, Cao Jing1, Liang Wanjie1, Xuan Shouli1, Liu Yan1, Wu Qian1, Sun Chuanliang1, Zhang Lingling1, Xia Ji‘an2, Liu Yongxia3, Chen Yuli4, Yue Yanbin5, Zhang Zhiyou6, Wan Qian1, Pan Yue1, Han Xujie1, Wu Fei1   

  1. 1.Institute of Agricultural Information, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China
    2.Nanjing Industry Professional Technology Institute, Nanjing 210046, China
    3.Haikou Experimental Station, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Haikou 570102, China
    4.Zibo Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zibo 255033, China
    5.Institute of Agricultural Sci-tech Information, Guizhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guiyang 550000, China
    6.Institute of Agricultural Sci-tech Information, Hunan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changsha 410000, China
  • Received:2020-02-20 Revised:2020-03-10 Online:2020-03-30


Agricultural models, agricultural artificial intelligent, and data analysis technology, etc., exist in whole processes of information perceiving, transmission, processing and control for smart agriculture, thus they are the core technology of smart agriculture. To furtherly make the substances and functions of agricultural models clear, facilitate its further research and application, drive smart agriculture development with healthy, steady, and sustainable, methods of systematic analysis, comparison, and chart for relationship, etc. were used in this research. The definition, classification, functions of the agricultural models were theoretically analyzed. The relationships between the agricultural models and the elements and processes of the smart agriculture were expounded, which made the functions of agricultural models clear, provided some agricultural models examples applied in the smart agriculture. The important studies and application progresses of agricultural models were reviewed. The comparison results of agricultural models showed that the 4 levels of agricultural biological elements, 6 scales of agricultural environmental elements, 6 administrative levels of agricultural technological and economic elements, and the relevant approaches for modeling agricultural system need to be considered. The research and application of multi-space scales on environment elements in the agricultural models would have the larger potential. The combination of agricultural models with molecular genetics, perceiving, and artificial intelligence, the collaboration among public and private researchers, and food security challenges have been an important power for further development of agricultural models, linking agricultural models with various agricultural system modeling, databases, harmonious and open data, and decision-making support systems (DSS) would be focus on. The research and application of the agricultural models in China have formed crop model series with Chinese characteristics, joined in the world trends of the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP), the smart agriculture, and so on. They should be speedy graspe chances and accelerate development. The agricultural models is a quantitative express of relationships within or among the agricultural system elements. An important method with epistemological values of quantifying and synthesizing agricultural sciences, and will play an indispensible role in data achieving and processing for the smart agriculture combining perceiving techniques, and become a significant bridge and bond.

Key words: agricultural models, model classification, biological model, environmental model, economic model, technical model, application case, smart agriculture

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