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Smart Agriculture ›› 2021, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (2): 88-99.doi: 10.12133/j.smartag.2021.3.2.202103-SA003

• Information Processing and Decision Making • Previous Articles     Next Articles

High-Throughput Dynamic Monitoring Method of Field Maize Seedling

ZHANG Xiaoqing1,2,3(), SHAO Song1,2, GUO Xinyu1,2, FAN Jiangchuan1,2()   

  1. 1.Beijing Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing 100097, China
    2.Beijing Key Lab of Digital Plant, National Engineering Research Center for Information Technology in Agriculture, Beijing 100097, China
    3.College of Information Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China
  • Received:2021-03-11 Revised:2021-05-17 Online:2021-06-30 Published:2021-08-25
  • corresponding author: Jiangchuan FAN E-mail:15151935830@163.com;fanjc@ nercita.org.cn

Abstract:

At present, the dynamic detection and monitoring of maize seedling mainly rely on manual observation, which is time-consuming and laborious, and only small quadrats can be selected to estimate the overall emergence situation. In this research, two kinds of data sources, the high-time-series RGB images obtained by the plant high-throughput phenotypic platform (HTPP) and the RGB images obtained by the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) platform, were used to construct the image data set of maize seedling process under different light conditions. Considering the complex background and uneven illumination in the field environment, a residual unit based on the Faster R-CNN was built and ResNet50 was used as a new feature extraction network to optimize Faster R-CNN to realize the detection and counting of maize seedlings in complex field environment. Then, based on the high time series image data obtained by the HTPP, the dynamic continuous monitoring of maize seedlings of different varieties and densities was carried out, and the seedling duration and uniformity of each maize variety were evaluated and analyzed. The experimental results showed that the recognition accuracy of the proposed method was 95.67% in sunny days and 91.36% in cloudy days when it was applied to the phenotypic platform in the field. When applied to the UAV platform to monitor the emergence of maize, the recognition accuracy of sunny and cloudy days was 91.43% and 89.77% respectively. The detection accuracy of the phenotyping platform image was higher, which could meet the needs of automatic detection of maize emergence in actual application scenarios. In order to further verify the robustness and generalization of the model, HTPP was used to obtain time series data, and the dynamic emergence of maize was analyzed. The results showed that the dynamic emergence results obtained by HTPP were consistent with the manual observation results, which shows that the model proposed in this research is robust and generalizable.

Key words: field maize, Faster R-CNN, recognition, counting, dynamic seedling detection

CLC Number: