Welcome to Smart Agriculture 中文

Smart Agriculture ›› 2021, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (2): 1-14.doi: 10.12133/j.smartag.2021.3.2.202104-SA002

• Topic--Application of Spatial Information Technology in Agriculture • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Progress of Agricultural Drought Monitoring and Forecasting Using Satellite Remote Sensing

HAN Dong(), WANG Pengxin(), ZHANG Yue, TIAN Huiren, ZHOU Xijia   

  1. College of Information and Electrical Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2021-04-15 Revised:2021-05-25 Online:2021-06-30 Published:2021-08-25
  • corresponding author: Pengxin WANG E-mail:hd5877@cau.edu.cn;wangpx@cau.edu.cn

Abstract:

Agricultural drought is a major factor that affects agricultural production. Traditional agricultural drought monitoring is mainly based on meteorological and hydrological data, and although it can provide more accurate drought monitoring results at the point level, there are still limitations in monitoring agricultural drought at the regional scale. The rapid development of remote sensing technology has provided a new mean of monitoring agricultural droughts at the regional scale, especially since the electromagnetic wavelengths sensed by satellite sensors in orbit now cover visible, near-infrared, thermal infrared and microwave wavelengths. It is important to make full use of the rich surface information obtained from satellite remote sensing data for agricultural drought monitoring and forecasting. This paper described the research progress of agricultural drought monitoring based on satellite remote sensing from three aspects: remote sensing index-based method, soil water content method and crop water demand method. The research progress of agricultural drought monitoring based on remote sensing index-based method was elaborated from five aspects: vegetation drought index, temperature drought index, integrated vegetation and temperature drought index, water drought index and microwave drought index; the research progress of agricultural drought monitoring based on soil water content method was elaborated from two aspects: soil water content retrieval based on visible to thermal infrared data and soil water content retrieval based on microwave data; the research progress of agricultural drought monitoring based on crop water demand method was elaborated from two aspects: agricultural drought monitoring based on crop canopy water content retrieval method and crop growth model method. Agricultural drought forecasting is a timeline prediction based on drought monitoring. Based on the summary of the progress of drought monitoring, the research progress of agricultural drought forecasting by the drought index method and the crop growth model method was further briefly described. The existing agricultural drought monitoring methods based on satellite remote sensing were summarized, and its shortcomings were sorted out, and some prospects were put forward. In the future, different remote sensing data sources can be used to combine deep learning methods with crop growth models and based on data assimilation methods to further explore the potential of satellite remote sensing data in the monitoring of agricultural drought dynamics, which can further promote the development of smart agriculture.

Key words: satellite, remote sensing, agricultural drought, crop growth model, monitor, forecast

CLC Number: