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Smart Agriculture ›› 2021, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (3): 116-128.doi: 10.12133/j.smartag.2021.3.3.202104-SA001

• Intelligent Management and Control • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Irrigation Method and Verification of Strawberry Based on Penman-Monteith Model and Path Ranking Algorith

ZHANG Yu1,2(), ZHAO Chunjiang1,2, LIN Sen2(), GUO Wenzhong2, WEN Chaowu2, LONG Jiehua2   

  1. 1.College of Information Technology, JiLin Agriculture University, Changchun 130118, China
    2.Beijing Agricultural Intelligent Equipment Technology Research Center, Beijing 100097, China
  • Received:2021-04-07 Revised:2021-10-04 Online:2021-06-30 Published:2021-12-06
  • corresponding author: LIN Sen E-mail:435542515@qq.com;linseng@nercita.org.cn

Abstract:

Irrigation is an important factor that affects crop yield. In order to control irrigation of facility crops more effectively and accurately, this study took "Zhangji" strawberry as an example, introduced crop real-time growth characteristics into irrigation decision-making, and combined Penman-Monteith (P-M) model and knowledge reasoning to study the irrigation of strawberry. In the first step, the influencing factors and expert experience in identifying strawberry growth period of "Zhangji" strawberry irrigation were standardized, and the strawberry irrigation data structure based on Resource Description Framework (RDF) was established. The second step was to collect expert experience of strawberry irrigation according to the standardized knowledge structure model. Firstly, all data were unified into structured data, and then were stored in *.csv format together with expert experience, and strawberry irrigation knowledge map based on Neo4j was constructed. The third step was to collect the environmental data and plant data of strawberry in each growth period. The fourth step was using P-M model to calculate the initial irrigation value of strawberry, and then adjusted the initial irrigation value by knowledge reasoning.The fifth step was to conduct experimental planting and evaluate the sampled fruits. In knowledge reasoning, irrigation adjustment strategies of each expert was different. In strawberry irrigation experiment based on P-M model and path sorting algorithm, a group of irrigation reasoning values with the highest probability value were selected to adjust irrigation with the goal of maximizing strawberry yield. The experimental results showed that under the condition of harvesting at a specified time, The total fruit yield, average fruit yield per plant and average fruit weight percentage increased by 2478.5 g, 20.65 g and 12.15% (average fruit weight increased by 1.65 g per fruit) based on P-M model and path sorting algorithm compared with traditional P-M model, respectively. First, on the basis of P-M model, the yield-first irrigation adjustment strategy was adopted. Based on knowledge reasoning, the irrigation frequency and amount were adjusted timely according to the crop growth situation, which improved the yield. Second, under the condition of harvesting and recording yield at a specified time, the experiment accurately controlled the growth period to ensure early fruit ripening, while the other three groups of fruits were not fully mature and the yield of immature fruits were not calculated. Under the method of strawberry irrigation based on Penman-Monteith model and path sorting algorithm, the fruit was picked within a fixed time and reached 0.39 kg/cm2, which increased by 0.1 kg/cm2. Because the planting goal of this study was yield first, only the influence of irrigation on yield was considered. The experimental resulted show that the irrigation method based on model and knowledge reasoning could improve the yield of strawberry, and can provide a new idea for precise irrigation.

Key words: artificial intelligence knowledge graph, knowledge reasoning, precise irrigation, path ranking algorithm, strawberry, Penman-Monteith

CLC Number: